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THE CHAINED PUMP OF PHILON

The chained pump of Philon is a developed form of the polykadia. We also know it as "mangani". It consists of a chained tape (strip), which has adjusted metallic vessels in its periphery, and moves by a rotating wheel. Due to the fact that the construction of a wheel of metal was very expensive, soon it was replaced by cheaper materials, such as wood, while the vessels were replaced by ceramics or pumpkins. This variation is known as "wheel with pots" or "cluster of pots". The instrument is used even today in many countries.